Learning Activity- Sketching Techniques

Practical Assignment (observation and analysis) 1,5 days

  1. Define, in your own words, the printmaking terms.

  2. Find examples on the Internet to represent each of those terms.

In this course we learned about the following printmaking terms:

  • Wood engraving consist on ecarving an image on a piece of wood and then dipping it in ink to recreate the image. This can be done by  press or by hand. Here is an example of an image engraved in wood that can be used for printing a lot of other images:print-making_wood.jpg
  • Linocut:
    This one resembles the wood engraving one only that  you use soft linoleum instead of wood. Here is an example:linocut
  • Drypoint Drypoint is a little similar as well. In a piece of metal you scratch out an image with different utensils and then you paint it with ink and wipe out the excess with a paper cloth, then using a press you press the image into a damped paper. Here is an example:drypoint
  • Etching is a little bit more complicated, you start by covering a stiff metal plate with wax and then carve out your design. Then you dip it in acid to eat away the exposed metal(where you carved out your design). Then you cover the plate with ink (filling the encarvation only). Finally you can print it out on paper by using a press.

In the picture bellow you can see how they carve the image of the wax into the metal plate.etching

  • Engraving :

When you engrave you cover a copper plate with wax and then draw your design on it. You can do this by putting a paper over it where your design is already been drawn and draw it again over the wax. When you are done your design will be engraved in the wax and then you can scratch it out using a tool. when your design is carved and finished  you use a dogger to force the ink into the engraved lines that forms your design.  After this, as always you will have to use something to remove the excess of paint so it only remains on the encarved area. This is a long process where you start from cloth and end up removing the rest with your hands. Then it is ready to be printed on to a paper with the help of a press.plate

  • Lithography  consist on drawing and painting directly on a stone tablet, when the drawing is done, you cover it with wax. The wax does not mix with the ink so it will create a negative effect. Then you use a press to transfer the design to paper.Here is a drawing before using the wax:litography
  • Screen printing is a process where you start by first making masks that prevent the ink from reaching certain areas of the surface where it is going to be printed. Then you follow-up by pushing coloured inks through a fine silk screen (using a rubber squeegee) to the surface of the final print.  You can repeat the process several times with different colours to make a full colour image. This method is often used for printing on to textile like tshirts.In this picture you can see the process of transfering the ink into the surface:screenprinting
  • Monoprinting 
    Is a printing technique where you can only reproduce the image once. There are several techniques that can be used to make a monoprint, such as lithography, woodcut and etching.monoprint
  • Digital Printing 
    Is the form of printing we are probably more familiar with. These are methods of printing digital images to other media. The tools that are often used are high volume laser or inkjet printers.Digital Printing

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3. Use your graphite, eraser, eraser putty and blending stub to sketch spheres using the following techniques: hatching and cross hatching, blending, rendering, squiggly lines and cross contour lines. (Please scan your sketches and upload them to your blog.)

LA3

4. Watch the prescribed Adobe Illustrator video on Lynda.com and complete the exercise files.

 

5. Find a poem that inspires you. Follow the exercise in the lesson above and illustrate your poem

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